Mongolia
Happy Camel
Mongolie

Voyages en Mongolie

info@happycamel.com

Travel Trip Tour in Mongolia

Great Expeditions in Mongolia

Explore Mongolia
by Jeep (Many Trips)

Single Travelers

Extreme Travel:

Horse Riding

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Fishing

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Hiking

Paragliding

Kite Buggy

Mountain Bike

Canoeing - Kayaking

4X4 - selfdrive

ATV-Quad

Survival Camp

Festivals

Eco Ger Camp

Budget Travel

Accommodation

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Trans-Siberian Train

Pictures and Photos

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Detailed Tours Description

Day 1: Karakorum

After an early wake up, we will set of for a long driving day to Karakorum (also called Kharhorin).

Kharkhrin is the site of the 13th century capital of the Mongolian Empire created by Chinggis Khan. The founding of Karakorum started on the ruins of Turug and Uigur cities in the Orkhon valley at the eastern end of the Khanggai mountains in 1220 by the Chinggis Khaan's order. It completed 15 years later during the Ugedei Khaan's reign. The town was a very cosmopolitan and religiously tolerant place

The silver tree, part of Mngke Khan's palace has become the symbol of Karakorum.

The highest peak of its prosperity was from 1220 to 1260. The specific feature of this stage is that Karakorum existed as the great capital of the Euro-Asian Empire with Mongolia as its core and as the centre of politics, economy, culture, religion, intellect, and diplomacy and the prominent tie of international relations.

Between 1260 and 1380 Karakorum lost the status of the Great Mongolian Empire and became the capital of Mongolia. When Kublai Khan claimed the throne of the Mongol Empire in 1260, as did his younger brother, Ariq Boke, he relocated his capital to today's Beijing. Karakorum was reduced to the administrative centre of a provincial backwater of the Yuan Dynasty.

In 1368, the rule of Mongolian Yuan Dynasty collapsed and the centre of Mongolian government was shifted to its homeland after 110 years since Khubilai Khaan moved the Empire capital to China in 1260. It gave Karakorum a chance to prosper again.

In 1388, Ming troops under General Xu Da took and destroyed the town.

Today nothing is left from this legendary city.

In 1580, when Abtai Sain Khan together with his brother, lord Tumenkhen, visited the 3rd Dalai Lama and expressed their wish to build a temple in Mongolia, he advised them to reconstruct one old temple in Karakorum. The temple in Takhai ruins that was restored in 1588 according to the Dalai Lama's recommendation is the Main Zuu temple of Erdene Zuu monastery.

Now Erdene Zuu Monastery is all that remains of what once was a huge monastery of 100 temples and about 1.000 lamas residencing there. We will explore the grounds of Erdene Zuu Monastery surrounded by its massive 400 m X 400 m walls. We will be guided around the 3 remaining temples: Dalai Lama, Zuu of Buddha and Lavrin Temple.

We will also see the Turtle Rock and the Phallic Rock.

Day 2: Tsenger Hotwater Springs and Baths

This morning we will driving westward in the direction of Khangai Mountains. On average, the Khanggai mountains are 2500-3000 M above the sea level and are composed of mainly granite, intrusive chert and sandstone belonging to Paleozoic era. The Khanggai Mountains is about 800 km long, ranging from Zavkhan province territory to Tuv province. They function as the continental divide of the world water system.

The green mountainsides and the network of smaller and larger rivers offer excellent pastureland for the herds of horses, yaks and cows.

In the afternoon we will reach Tsenkher hot spring resort. This resort has a large open-air pool at its customer's disposal. The hot water of the pool flows continuously in from the hot water spring. At the spring, the temperature of the water is over 80 C. A complex pipelines system regulates the water temperature. Some will spend hours sitting in the pool talking to their friends while staring at the stars or scanning the nightly nature around them.

Day 3: Ogii Lake and the Turkish Monuments

After our breakfast we will head for Ogiin Lake, one of Mongolia's most beautiful lakes. On the way we will visit several historical places such as Khosho Tsaidam Monuments Khulitegenii Dorsal and Khar Balgas Citadel

The Khosho Tsaidam Monuments, located in the Tsaidam Valley Lake along the western part of the Orkhon River in Mongolia, are two memorial monuments associated with the Gk Trk Empire in the early 8th century. These are the Bilge Khan (683-734) and Kul-Tegin (684-731) memorials commemorating a politician and his younger brother who was Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Bilge Khan was one of the most powerful emperors of the Gktrk Empire. His accomplishments are immortalized in the Orkhon inscriptions. There are two other smaller memorials and a fifth that has recently been revealed.

The principal monument (Khulitegenii Dorsal) is a flat stone of more than 3 meters high. The stone has 68 lines of Turkic runes, two dragons and the mountain goat, device of the Ashina clan. The stone honors Kul-Tegin (684-731), a military leader of the Turkic empire. The stone is part of a larger memorial complex, created the year of the death of Kul-Tegin. It includes statues and a temple of worship.

We will also pass Khar Balgas Citadel. This citadel was founded in 751 as the capital of the Uiighur khanate. It was destroyed by fire, approximately 100 years later during the invasion Kirghiz invaders. Today only fragments of the outer walls and the Buddhist stupa remain. It is now in a small museum close the place it originally stood.

Day 4: Khar Bukh Balgas and Tsogtiin Tsagaan Balgas

Today we will drive back to Ulaanbaatar. On the way we will stop ancient ruins such as Khar Bukh Balgas and Tsogtiin Tsagaan Balgas

Khar Bukh Balgas also called the ruins of the Prince is an elegant wall made of layered basaltic and grind stones. These 12th-century Kitan fortress ruins lie in the far south of Bulgan aimag. A stone monastery was built in the 17th century within the ruined walls.

Tsogt Tsagaan Balgas. The walls of the 10th century Kidan city that lies to the north east (20 km) from Khar Bukh Ruins. Later in the 17lh century, prince Tsogt used it as his army base from where he fought agains the Chinese rule. It was also home to the mother of the Price Tsogt. A large stone monument situated near those ruins bears on inscription in Mongolian and Tibetan characters, stating that at this place the construction of 6 temples began in 1601 and was completed in 1617. The great number of building foundations suggest that a large number of people lived here.

Optional Day: Tovkhon Monastery and Orkhon Water Falls

Our next stop will be at Tuvhon Monastery, established during the 1650s by Zanabazar, one of Mongolias most respected religious leaders. The monasterys wooden buildings are integrated with a natural system of caves perched hear a hilltop, from which you have beautiful views of the Orkhon Valley and the surrounding pine forests. On the top of the cliff, a pile of stones to worship a god of this mountain forms a hill. It is called Ovoo.

In the Quaternary era a volcano erupted near the beginning of the Tsagaan Azarga or White Stallion River and the lava flowed down the Orkhon valley forming the 10 meter thick layer of basaltic rocks. The basaltic layer was crosscut by the Orkhon River continuously and the canyon was formed as a result.

At the beginning of this canyon lays the 20 meters high, 10 meter wide waterfall. The most adventures of you will climb down the canyon and swim the lake located at the food of the waterfall.

Optional Day: Przewalski's Horse at Hustai National Park

Przewalski's Horse (Equus ferus przewalskii, also known as the Takhi horses) is a rare and endangered subspecies of wild horse native to the steppes of central Asia. The Takhi became extinct in the middle of the 20th century. They then could only be found in the zoos. Special breeding programs increased their numbers. At one time extinct in the wild, it has been reintroduced to its native habitat in Mongolia at the Khustain Nuruu National Park, Takhin Tal Nature Reserve and Khomiin Tal. Khustai Nuruu National Park was declared reserve status (category III) for over 50,000 hectares of the Khustain Nuruu area in 1993 but after significant scientific field researches into the area it was upgraded to a national park in 1998. Khustai Nuruu National Park is located about 100 km southwest from Ulaanbaatar. It protects today Mongolian's Takhi wild horses. Today there are about 150 Takhi horses in Khustai. After arrival at the camp of the Khustai Nuruu National Park we will meet the staff of the park and be introduced to the project. In the afternoon we will explore the beauties of the Park by jeep, on food or on horseback.

Optional Day: Khogno Khan Mountains

We will drive to the foothills of the Khogno Khan Mountains (also written as Khungnu Khaan). It is an impressive massif of Paleozoic granite and magma rocks in the open steppes. We will visit the nice little Uvgun Monastery and the ruins of the old monastery. Those who want will have the opportunity to climb the sand dunes or to walk up the mountain and enjoy the incredible view over the plains, the sand dune and grasslands.

Not far from here runs the Tasarkhai Els (also named Mongol Els, Elsiin Tasarkhai), a 100 km long sand dune. Here you can ride a camel.

Optional Day: Family Stay in Central Mongolia and Horse Riding

The Family lives close to a river in the wide open Mongolian steps. We will experience the warm hospitality offered by the Mongolian families. For dinner we will be offered a typical Mongolian meal that will be prepared by nomads. Those who want will have the opportunity to try the airag or fermented horse milk. Our guide - translator will help us to forge contact with the local population.

Those interested will have the opportunity to do horse riding.

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Prices

We offer 3 different price categories for our tours:

  • Budget Trips: tented camp, cook, food, guide, Russian mini van

  • Normal Trips: ger camp stay with food, guide, Russian mini van

  • Luxury Trips: ger camp stay with food, guide, Japanese jeep

Please contact us for the updated prices. We offer special discount prices for off season tours.

 

Service in Ulaanbaatar

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